148th Session of the WHO Executive Board: Another waste of time - or time to restore WHO as directing global health authority?
Prior to the 148th Session of the WHO Executive Board, the Geneva Global Health Hub (G2H2) is hosting a series of online briefings and debate between January 11-15, 2021.
Organizer: Geneva Global Health Hub
In this series of public briefings and debates hosted by the Geneva Global Health Hub (G2H2), civil society organizations ask how the World Health Organization can live up to its constitutional mandate of being the directing and coordinating authority on international health work. Both in the current Covid19 pandemic and beyond, what will be needed to reaffirm this particular position of the WHO?
Monday, January 11th, 2021, 12.30-14.00 CET - Human rights and the COVID-19 response: lessons for the future, action for now
The issue of human rights has arisen in the response to the Covid-19 pandemic in a variety of areas. The often heavy-handed response of states in the initial response was highlighted early on by civil society as well as the WHO Director-General, particularly in a civil society discussion on 26 May 2020. This focus on police rather than public health, resulting in state violence against citizens instead of an inclusive rights-based response, has undermined trust in government as well as public health measures to contain the pandemic. With the review of the International Health Regulations (IHR) in the context of Covid-19, WHO has the opportunity to strengthen human rights considerations in pandemic preparedness and response, but we have not seen this matter addressed so far in the IHR Review Committee and its reports. Additionally, the IHR review will be a time-consuming process, while the Covid-19 response requires a more immediate action from WHO. The precedent of ignoring human rights abuses in the name of public health is a dangerous one, not to be allowed to go unchallenged.
Tuesday, January 12th, 2021, 16.30-18.00 CET - What can WHO contribute to making COVID-19 vaccines, treatments and technologies global public goods?
In the debate on access to Covid-19 vaccines, treatments and technologies, WHO has so far failed to provide guidance and leadership on dealing with them as global public goods – despite strong internal expertise on the issue. As a consequence, the World Trade Organization has once more become a more relevant arena for political proposals and debates on global health than the World Health Organization and its governing bodies. (How) can this be changed? What is the state of play regarding proposals for making vaccines, treatments and technologies global public goods? How can WHO live up to its constitutional role of providing binding conventions or agreements in key fields of public health (Art. 19 of the WHO Constitution)?
Wednesday, January 13th, 2021, 16.30-18.00 CET - Private sector engagement for strong health systems?
Private sector engagement and investment in the health sector mainly takes place through private financing and provision of health services, public procurement and concessional public private partnerships (PPPs). In times of economic globalization, the rules of (private sector) cross-border investment in the health sector are based on WTO/GATS modalities difficult to control by any government. The Covid-19 pandemic has once more shown the public health risks of privatized and under-regulated health care provision. Nevertheless, the World Health Organization still promotes “private sector engagement for strong health systems and better health” (see here) and lets things slide. Or not?
Thursday, January 14th, 2021, 16.30-18.00 CET - Rescuing the World Health Organization from itself?
The strange case of the WHO/EURO report “An unprecedented challenge – Italy’s first response to COVID-19”, which was published on 13th May and mysteriously pulled over from the WHO website 24 hours later never to be uploaded again, shreds new lights into a stratification of institutional frailties and inefficiencies at the WHO (see here). As the case is unfolding, nationally and internationally, the risk exists that the COVID19 emergency may increasingly expose the WHO to instances of conflict of interest both from powerful actors – be it Member States or entities form the private sector – and from individual agendas within the house. As we know, the institutional weakness of the WHO is a responsibility mainly to be attributed to its Member States, not always WHO’s best friends. WHO’s porosity at pandemic times adds new layers of concerns for the potential damage to the agency’s legitimacy and reputation. To do so, the WHO governing bodies need to have a closer look at the WHO Constitution and reactivate some of its key provisions and internal tools aimed at preserving the independence of WHO’s technical work.
Session organizer: Society for International Development SID
Session contact: Nicoletta Dentico (email@example.com)
Friday, January 15th, 2021, 16.30-18.00 CET - What reform agenda for the WHO Executive Board?
The WHO Executive Board needs to reclaim its executive role in WHO governance and take the lead the process of a thorough reform of WHO governing bodies beyond some procedural aspects that will be discussed once more at EB148. We do not want to see the governing bodies of the WHO just being a waste of time, but a place where transformation is initiated and shaped, and where global health leadership takes place. Wrapping up a series of civil society briefings and debates ahead of EB148, we ask what should be on the agenda of an EB retreat (members only) announced for 2021.
To register for the individual events, please click here.